International forskning

A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, repeated-dose pilot study of the safety, tolerability, and preliminary effects of a cannabidiol (CBD)- and cannabigerol (CBG)-based beverage powder to support recovery from delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS)


Erica N Peters 1, Helena Yardley 1, Amy Harrison 1, Graham M L Eglit 1, Jose Antonio 2, Cynthia Turcotte 1, Marcel O Bonn-Miller 3

  • 1Canopy Growth Corporation, Smiths Falls, Ontario, Canada.
  • 2Nova Southeastern University, Exercise and Sport Science, Davie, FL, USA.
  • 3Charlotte’s Web, Inc, Louisville, CO, USA.

Affiliationer

Background: Cannabinoid-containing products are marketed to athletes as promoting recovery, in spite of a lack of data on their safety and effects. This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, repeated-dose pilot study tested the safety, tolerability, and preliminary effects on recovery of a formulation containing cannabidiol (CBD; 35 mg), cannabigerol (CBG; 50 mg), beta caryophyllene (BCP; 25 mg), branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs; 3.8 g), and magnesium citrate (420 mg).

Methods: Exercise-trained individuals (N = 40) underwent an experimental induction of delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) and completed follow-up visits 24-, 48-, and 72-hours post-DOMS. Participants were randomized to active or placebo formulation, and consumed the formulation twice per day for 3.5 days.

Results: There was one adverse event (AE) in the active group (diarrhea) and two AEs in placebo (dry mouth; eye rash/swollen eye). There was 100% self-reported compliance with formulation consumption across the two groups. For the primary outcome of interest, the estimate of effect for ratings of average soreness/discomfort 72 hours post-DOMS between active and placebo groups was -1.33 (85% confidence interval = -2.55, -0.10), suggesting moderate evidence of a treatment difference. The estimate of effect for the outcome of ratings of interference of soreness, discomfort, or stiffness on daily activities at work or home 48 hours post-DOMS was -1.82 (95% confidence interval = -3.64, -0.01), indicating a treatment difference of potential clinical importance. There was no significant effect between active and placebo groups on objective measures of recovery, sleep quality, or mood disturbance.

Conclusions: The tested formulation reduced interference of DOMS on daily activities, demonstrating its improvement on a functional aspect of recovery.

Keywords: Cannabidiol; DOMS; cannabigerol; delayed onset muscle soreness; recovery