International forskning

Cannabis for the Treatment of Fibromyalgia: A Systematic Review

BiomedicinesNatalie H. Strand 1, Jillian Maloney 1, Molly Kraus 1, Christopher Wie 1, Michal Turkiewicz 2, Diego A. Gomez 2, Olufunmilola Adeleye 2 and Monica W. Harbell 1

Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Phoenix, AZ 85050, USA
Mayo Clinic Alix School of Medicine, Phoenix, AZ 85050, USA


Fibromyalgia is a common disease syndrome characterized by chronic pain and fatigue in conjunction with cognitive dysfunction such as memory difficulties. Patients currently face a difficult prognosis with limited treatment options and a diminished quality of life. Given its widespread use and potential efficacy in treating other types of pain, cannabis may prove to be an effective treatment for fibromyalgia. This review aims to examine and discuss current clinical evidence regarding the use of cannabis for the treatment of fibromyalgia. An electronic search was conducted on MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, and Scopus using Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) terms on all literature published up to October 2022. A follow-up manual search included a complete verification of relevant studies. The results of four randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and five observational studies (a total of 564 patients) that investigated the effects of cannabis on fibromyalgia symptoms were included in this review. Of the RCTs, only one demonstrated that cannabinoids did not have a different effect than placebo on pain responses. Overall, this analysis shows low-quality evidence supporting short-term pain reduction in people with fibromyalgia treated with cannabinoid therapeutics. Although current evidence is limited, medical cannabis appears to be a safe alternative for treating fibromyalgia.