International forskning

Orthopedics . 2023 May 23;1-5. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20230517-06. Online ahead of print. Cannabidiol Use Patterns and Efficacy for Children Who Have Cerebral Palsy

Ryan A Seltzer, Joanna L Langner, Nadine M Javier, Japsimran Kaur, Abdul-Lateef Shafau, Teeto Ezeonu, Xochitl Bryson, Katherine Hastings, Kali Tileston, John S Vorhies

Cannabidiol (CBD)-containing supplements are used by children with cerebral palsy (CP), but the prevalence and efficacy of their use have not been studied. We sought to describe CBD use patterns and perceived efficacy in the pediatric population with CP, evaluating any association between CBD use and health-related quality of life. Patients with CP were prospectively enrolled, and caregivers were offered the Caregiver Priorities and Child Health Index of Life with Disabilities (CPCHILD) Questionnaire and a survey assessing CBD use. Of 119 participants, 20 (16.8%) endorsed CBD use (CBD+) and 99 (83.2%) denied it (CBD-). Participants in the CBD+ group had worse functional status (85% Gross Motor Function Classification System level IV-V for CBD+ vs 37.4% for CBD-, P<.001) and lower health-related quality of life (mean CPCHILD score of 49.3 for CBD+ vs 62.2 for CBD-, P=.001). Spasticity was the rationale most cited for CBD use (29%), followed by pain and anxiety (both 22.6%). CBD was perceived to be most effective for improving emotional health, spasticity, and pain. Fifty percent of the patients in the CBD+ group underwent surgery in the previous 2 years and most endorsed a general benefit in the postoperative setting. The most common side effects noted were fatigue and increased appetite (both 12%). Most participants endorsed no side effects (60%). CBD may serve as a useful adjunct for some children with CP, especially those with worse disease severity. Caregivers perceive CBD as offering some benefits, particularly in the domains of emotional health, spasticity, and pain. We found no evidence of severe adverse events in our small cohort. [Orthopedics. 202x;4x(x):xx-xx.].